There are many pharmaceutical producers that sell generic modafinil under their own brand name, like Modalert, Modvigil, Waklert, Artvigil, etc. The study concluded that the most popular online vendors that sell a generic version of this wakefulness-promoting agent are:. Moreover, buying modafinil without a prescription is illegal in most European countries. However, possessing the nootropic is a whole different story - it is generally not against the law to possess modafinil for personal use.
As Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews by the study participants, all the online vendors listed above offer this option. In other words, it doesn't really matter whether users are looking to order modafinil in the UK, GermanySpainor Ireland, they are good to go when getting it from one of the trusted online vendors listed in this article. Users can buy Provigil brand name modafinil from pharmacies in the USA. However, they must have a modafinil prescription from a medical professional to do that as it's not sold over-the-counter in the USA.
This requirement makes it a time-consuming process, and impossible for some of the users who don't suffer from sleep-related issues. To add, it can be expensive if they choose a high-end pharmacy brand to buy a generic version of the cognitive enhancer. Provigil drug's price in many local pharmacies is quite high. Unfortunately, insurance companies offer no coverage for it. It is because the prices are mostly for the cash-paying buyers and insurers don't consider these valid.
The high price in the local retail pharmacies is the main reason people often consider online buying a possible option. TOP 9 Moments is an award winning, market research and insights agency with a reputation for strategy and service. We are not just a research agency. We are a strategic partner who can help you re-frame Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews and spark solutions to the most challenging business questions.
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The U. A further limitation is that the Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews did not include questions testing for attentional problems. This is potentially a concern as it is possible that there may be an element of self-medication by individuals with low baseline levels of DA and NE. Further research is thus warranted to investigate this possibility.
Finally, the survey did not include questions on nicotine and alcohol use, use of other CEDs or routes of administration of modafinil. The authors intend to address these issues in a further study, which will include these questions and will also investigate cognitive and attentional functions both with and without modafinil use.
This study has found that, as the reported frequency of modafinil use increased, the number of perceived benefits increased, whilst the number of negative effects remained stable and unchanged.
Respondents also reported significantly more benefits than risks and more immediate benefits than longer-lasting benefits. Conversely, those with a reported psychiatric diagnosis perceived greater longer-lasting benefits compared with those without a psychiatric diagnosis. This study has provided insight into the profile of modafinil users who are, in this English language study at least, mostly male, American or British, educated, employed and in their mids.
There was a pattern of reported recreational drug use associated with Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews use. Whilst self-reported dependency was low in this sample, the link between perceived benefits and frequency of use suggests that there may be the potential for dependency to develop over time.
The possibility that people may be using modafinil as a supportive treatment for a psychiatric diagnosis warrants further explanation from a public health or clinical use perspective. This link may be suggestive of further beneficial effects of modafinil or, more simply, it may reflect insufficient medical treatment for psychiatric disorders in some people. Pahrmacy explanation turns out to be correct, it is clear from this paper that the reported perceptions of modafinil as a safe drug, with more frequent use giving greater benefits, suggests that off-prescription use Provitil well increase in popularity and this may result in dependency in some people.
The authors would like to thank the forum administrators at Reddit, Bluelight and The Student Room who assisted in running this survey, and the participants for their valued contribution to the research. No other funding was received. The funders had no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of this manuscript. This paper was transferred from another journal.
As a result, its full editorial history including decision letters, peer reviews and author responses may not be present. The off-prescription use of modafinil: An online survey of perceived Provkgil and benefits.
Therefore, we invite you to submit a revised version of the manuscript that addresses the points raised during the Reveiws process. The two reviewers addressed several major and minor concerns about your manuscript. Please Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews your Pharmaccy carefully. We would appreciate receiving your revised manuscript by Oct Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews PM.
If you would like to make changes to your financial disclosure, please include your updated statement in your cover letter. To enhance the reproducibility of your results, we recommend that if applicable you deposit your laboratory protocols in protocols. A rebuttal letter that responds to each point raised Onkine the academic editor and reviewer s. This letter should be uploaded as separate file and labeled 'Response to Reviewers'.As for the listed online pharmacies, here you will find original Modafinil drugs and cheaper Provigil analogs with the same effectiveness. New York Chemists. The European Medicines Agency has completed a review of the safety and effectiveness of modafinil. The Agency's Committee for Medicinal Products for Human.
A marked-up copy Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews your manuscript that highlights changes made to the original version. This file should be uploaded as separate file and labeled 'Revised Manuscript with Track Changes'.
An unmarked version of your revised paper without tracked changes. This file should be uploaded as separate file and labeled 'Manuscript'. Please note while forming your response, if your article is accepted, you may have the opportunity to make the peer review history publicly available. The record will include editor decision letters with reviews and your responses to reviewer comments.
If eligible, we will contact you to opt in or out. Please include additional information regarding the survey or questionnaire used in the study and ensure that you have provided sufficient details that others could replicate the Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews. For instance, if you developed a questionnaire as part of this study and it is not under a copyright more restrictive than CC-BY, please include a copy, in both the original language and English, as Supporting Information.
The manuscript must describe a technically sound piece of scientific research with data that supports the conclusions. Experiments must have been conducted rigorously, with appropriate controls, replication, and sample sizes. The conclusions must be drawn appropriately based on the data presented.
Have the authors made all data underlying the findings in their manuscript fully available? The PLOS Data policy requires authors to make all data underlying the findings described in their manuscript fully available without restriction, with rare Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews please refer to the Data Availability Statement in the manuscript PDF file.
The data should be Provigil Description as part of the manuscript or its supporting information, or deposited to a public repository. For example, in addition to summary statistics, the data points behind means, medians and variance measures should be available. If there are restrictions on publicly sharing data—e. Is the manuscript presented in an intelligible fashion and written in standard English?
PLOS ONE does not copyedit accepted manuscripts, so the language in submitted articles must be clear, correct, and unambiguous. Any typographical or grammatical errors should be corrected at revision, so please note any specific errors here.
Please use the space provided to explain your answers to the questions above. You may also include additional comments for the author, including concerns about dual publication, research ethics, or publication ethics.
Please upload your review as an attachment if it exceeds 20, characters. The authors have presented interesting descriptive data regarding the use of modafinil as a cognitive enhancing medication. The background information given in the introduction was well written and clear. The aims and hypotheses seem unclear throughout, mostly in the results section, where a series of results is given without much explanation in the introduction or methods about the purpose of these analyses.
Apart from the descriptive statistics, the statistical analysis in this paper is unclear. A thorough review of the statistics is required by the authors, making sure that appropriate statistical tests are used for different types of data. Armodafinil is the r-enantiomer of racemic modafinil and often the two are used interchangeably or quite similarly.
Can the authors comment on this? Was there a primary hypothesis? They could have been prescribed it and still be using it for cognitive enhancement. Additionally, why did people complete the survey if they were not modafinil users — could they have been past users? I would like to see some information about these people who were excluded as it may be of interest.
I think it would be of more interest to separate the effects into the two as it may be different and of interest to readers to present it that way?
Can the authors justify their hypothesis here? The hypothesis described in the introduction does not match the presentation of the results here. This is ultimately categorical data which seems to have been initially represented like it is continuous, then a series of comparisons have been made and p values given, but no comparative statistic given. The more info methods should be better described in the methods and should be clearly reported.
Perhaps this information would be better placed in a table in the supplementary material if need be. Again this appears to be count data, and should not really be converted to mean values.
Neither of the figures match hypotheses outlined in the introduction. The discussion of limitations should be saved until later in the discussion section.
Do we know how many people use the drug as a Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews enhancer? Reviewer 2: This is an interesting study on the off-prescription use of modafinil. The data presented here would provide valuable information for considering the pros and cons of modafinil as a cognitive enhancing drug CED. The paper is well written in general, but a few modifications would help readers to understand the significance of the data more straightforwardly. Please consider the following points:.
This section is a little bit too long Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews the specific topics of modafinil and CEDs in general are mixed together. For example, after the introduction on modafinil, concomitant use of CEDs general and illicit drugs appeared p. Then the story goes on to the effects of modafinil in laboratory settings. After that, problems about studies on CEDs in general appear again p. I would like authors to click at this page more straightforwardly 1 why you focused on modafinil, and 2 why you employed an online survey.
This would help readers to determine what kind of benefits and risks the users perceived. Does this mean the majority of users did not perceive any effects? Am I right? If so, please mention this briefly. Plus, the rationale for combining both positive and negative effects should be explained.
To organize this section better, please consider the following points:. Plus, please consider referring to action on the histaminergic system. This seems important for night-time use of modafinil.
In this manuscript, these are scattered in several paragraphs. I think it is better to create a new paragraph and compile these topics.
Plus, in my opinion, several important questions were missing, such as status of cigarette smoking, use of other CEDs, Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews perceived Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews of academic achievement. Could you include these limitations? PLOS authors have the option to publish the peer review history of their article what does this mean? If published, this will include your full peer review and any attached files.
If this link does not appear, there are no attachment files to be viewed. To use PACE, you must first register as a user. Registration is free. If you encounter any issues or have any questions when using PACE, please email us at gro. Please note that Supporting Information files do not need this step.
The reviewer 1 still have some major concerns about the analysis methods implemented in this study. We would appreciate receiving your revised manuscript by Dec 16 PM. I believe that the descriptive statistics are of interest, but I still have some concerns about the analysis methods implemented in this study. It is unclear, then, how much the findings reported here are subject to Type I error. Can the authors confirm if the data was somewhat normally distributed? Reviewer 2: I appreciate the author's effort to revise the manuscript.
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As a psychologist, I strongly encourage the authors to continue this kind of work. We have carefully read through the points raised by reviewer one and have addressed each point below. We thank the reviewer for raising these concerns. The aim of this Onlinf was to explore if there are any associations between patterns of use and perceived effects of modafinil outside of the laboratory.
This is why the questions were phrased in the way they were. The specific hypotheses that are in this here were generated based on the selection of this inferential test. We did not intentionally mean to mislead and have changed Revieds wording relating to the hypotheses where necessary.
Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews thank the reviewer for raising this point. We did not exclude people for taking armodafinil. Exclusions were for not taking modafinil as a cognitive enhancer e. For armodafinil Pharmmacy particular, none of our sample reported taking Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews when asked what other drugs they use alongside modafinil.
A full list of the drugs mentioned in response to this question is now available as a supplementary table. These have now been added to the supplementary materials S1 and S3.
This has now been added to the supplementary materials S2. We thank the reviewer for asking for this clarification. The following sentence has now been added to the manuscript. We thank the reviewer, this is a very good point. We have now checked for normality and have log-transformed the data and re-run the analyses. These show the same pattern of effects and we have provided these analyses in tabular form in the supporting materials.
As log-transformed data are not so easy for the reader to interpret we have chosen to retain the original analyses in the write-up.
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However, if the Editor more info prefer the log-transformed analyses we are happy to make this amendment. Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews are pleased to inform you that your manuscript has been Profigil scientifically suitable for publication and will be formally accepted for publication once it complies with all outstanding continue reading requirements.
Within one week, you will receive an e-mail containing information on the amendments required prior Revifws publication. When all required modifications have been addressed, you will receive a formal acceptance letter and your manuscript will proceed to our production department and be scheduled for publication.
Shortly after the formal acceptance letter is sent, an invoice for payment will follow. If you have any billing related questions, please contact our Author Billing department directly at gro.
If your institution or institutions have a press office, please notify them about your upcoming paper Provigil Online Pharmacy Reviews Provgiil them to help maximize its impact. If they will be preparing press materials for this manuscript, you must inform our press team as soon as possible Label Provigil Use Off no later than 48 hours after receiving the formal acceptance.
Your manuscript will remain under strict press embargo until 2 pm Eastern Time on the date of publication. For more information, please contact gro. Reviewer 2: The results described here are valuable information for considering Provigik mental health of college students. I agree to the authors' conclusion that we should have a potential concern over the perception of modafinil as a "safe drug". Your manuscript is now with our production department.
If your institution or institutions have a press office, please notify them about your upcoming paper at this point, to enable them to help maximize its impact.
If they will be preparing press materials for this manuscript, please inform our press team within the next 48 hours. For more information please contact gro. For any other questions or concerns, Refiews email gro. PLoS One. Published online Feb 5. Rachel D. James H. Kenji Hashimoto, Editor. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
Received Jul 10; Accepted Dec This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, Phamracy the original author and source are credited.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. S2 File: List of subReddit forum sites. S3 File: Modafinil and methylphenidate questionnaire. S4 File: Study data. S1 Table: List Olnine concurrent drug use. S2 Table: Full list of positive and negative effects including free text answers. Attachment: Submitted filename: Response to Reviewers. Abstract Cognitive enhancing drugs are claimed to improve cognitive functions such as learning and Onlone.
Introduction Cognitive enhancing drugs CEDs are believed to improve Read more functions such as attention and motivation [ 12 Regiews.
Materials The survey was constructed following an analysis of other recent drug and CED-user surveys [ 45 — 47 ] and the identification of outstanding questions from the literature regarding motivations for use and access to CEDs [ 2 ]. The individual sections of the questionnaire were as follows: Demographics In order to gain a greater insight into the Provigli of the modafinil user frequenting these Pharnacy sites, demographic information was collected.
Modafinil use This section included 16 questions on frequency of use, dosage taken, how modafinil was obtained, concurrent use of other drugs, motivations for use, and perceived risks and benefits experienced after taking modafinil. Analysis A mixed-measures design was used to Onllne the perceived effects of modafinil and its frequency of use. Phaarmacy A link to the survey, along with an advertisement, was posted, with appropriate permission, to the selected forum sites. Access to modafinil The respondents were asked to indicate how they obtained modafinil, selecting more than one option if applicable.
Frequency of modafinil use and perceived risks and benefits of modafinil The data analyses reported in this subsection are based on the total number of boxes ticked in the perceived risks and benefits section of the questionnaire.
Table 1 Frequency Provihil modafinil use and means for both benefits and risks of modafinil. Open in a separate window. Fig 1. Interaction between timeframe of perceived effects and frequency of use of modafinil. Fig 2. The interaction between the number of perceived effects and the frequency of use of modafinil.
Table 2 Effects of mental health diagnosis on perceived effects of modafinil. Supporting information S1 File Advertisement. DOCX Click here for additional data file.
S2 File List of subReddit forum sites. S3 File Modafinil and methylphenidate questionnaire. S4 File Study data. SAV Pnarmacy here for additional Onlie file. S1 Table List of concurrent drug use. They take the extra time to switch my name brand scripts to generic and save me Phaarmacy of dollars a month.
Whenever I run out of my Modafinil, they are able to get me an emergency supply until my full script comes in. There is always an issue. I drop off my prescriptions to get told it will be 30 mins, so I wait. He has the nerve to ask me if I want my prescription back, well duh, yes, cause I am going to have to get it filled elsewhere.
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Horrible, horrible will take my business back to CVS. I was very nervous about coming. When I walked in, it was small and cozy. I was greeted within seconds of entering the building. The pharmacist explained everything to me in detail. He took the time Provifil answer my questions and made sure I truly understood. What a great experience.
The perceived dependency on modafinil was low, despite 12% of the sample using modafinil every day. Overall, modafinil was seen as being a safe drug, even when. Buy Modafinil (Provigil) Online I called several pharmacies to find out who Langley can be a bit busy sometimes, but that doesn't warrant a bad review.